* The Constitution of India provides for a single and uniform citizenship for whole of India.
* The Citizenship act, 1955, provides for the acquisition of Indian citizenship in the following ways:
- Generally every person born in India on or after January, 1950, shall be a citizen of India if either of his parents was a citizen of India at the time of his birth.
- A person who was outside India on or after 26 January, 1950, shall be a citizen of India by descent(the origin or background of a person in terms of family or nationality), if his father was a citizen of India at the time of that person’s birth.
- A person can apply for and get registered as a citizen of India by the competent authority if he satisfies the conditions laid down.
- A person residing in India for more than 7 years and having adequate knowledge of a constitutionally recognised Indian language can seek citizenship by naturalisation , provided he is not a citizen of country where Indian citizens are prevented from becoming citizens by naturalisation.
- If any new territory becomes a part of India, the persons of the territory become citizens of India .